The hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) is an annual herbaceous plant of 1,5 up to 5 meters height and belong to the Cannabaceae family. With a long taproot and an erect and branched trunk, it shows resinous growths typically over the first leaves. The plant germinates in springtime and blooms in late summer. In autumn, its brown fruits - hard and globular achenes - tightly keep the seeds with a fleshy endosperm and a curved embryo. Originating in central Asia, the hemp also acclimated in America and Europe.                                                                                                                                                        Since ancient times all over the world, the hemp has been largely cultivated and used in many fields: the trunk was the raw material for paper production, textiles (cordage, clothing…), plastic fibers and natural fertilizer; in human and animal medicine, its leaves and flowers were often used as anti inflammatory drugs. From the hemp seeds, oil can be extracted and utilized as a highly nourishing food ingredient or as cosmetic component of creams, shampoo and soaps. From seed processing, also the hemp flour can be produced and used to make dough similar to soft wheat, but darker and with an added nutritional value.